How to contribute
1. Fork this repository
Click the “Fork” button in the upper right corner of this repository.
2. Clone your fork
Click the green “Clone or download” button and enter
git clone firstname.lastname@example.org:YourUserID/Feel-free-to-fork.git
in a terminal window on your computer. I prefer to collect all my repositories in ~/GitHub, but this is of course up to you to decide.
In case you don’t have a SSH key you can use
git clone https://github.com/YourUserID/Feel-free-to-fork.git
3. Make a link to the main repository
Now change directory to the repository and create a link to the main repository. I suggest you call the link to the main repository
upstream. You add the link using the command
git remote add upstream https://github.com/sm0rux/feel-free-to-fork.git
As you normaly don’t have the SSH key to the main repository, you can’t use the command
git remote add upstream email@example.com:YourUserID/feel-free-to-fork.git when adding
3a. If your repository is the main repository
In case your repository is the main repository, then you don’t have to create the
upstream link mentioned above.
4. Download the repository to your computer
First, got to the directory created in step 2, e.g.
and then pull the files using the command
git pull origin main
The main branch of my repository is
main but this could be something else for other branches. If the main branch is
source then download the files using the command
git pull origin source
5. Create a new branch
I suggest you create a new branch before starting to add or edit file(s). Also, your new branch should be checked out. This is done using the command
git checkout -b NameOfYourNewBranch
Your new branch name could either just be a date, like
20190908 or a more descriptive name like
6. Add or edit file(s)
Well – I leave up to what to do, but of course I recommend you to add your name to the Contributors.md file 🙂
7. Add file(s) to the git index
This could be done either with the command
git add filename1.ext [filename2.ext]
or to add all files at once using the command
git add .
8. Make a commit
Now it’s time to make a commit. Don’t forget to mention what your commit will do to the repository. This is done either with the command
git commit -m "Added my name to Contributors.md" Contributors.md
or, in case your commit require more than one file to be changed, more easily with the command
git commit -a -m "Added my name to Contributors.md"
9. Push your contribution
Push your files. This is done with the command
git push origin NameOfYourBranch
NameOfYourBranchis the name you used step 4.
10. Make a pull request
Now it’s time to go back to the GitHub web site and make a pull request to get your files incorporated in the main repository (in this repository).
Make more contributions
Before making more contributions, be sure to have your fork up to date with the main repository. This is done by giving the commands
git pull upstream main followed by the command
git push origin main.
In case your repository is the main repository
As mentioned in 3a above you don’t have an upstream link if your repository is the main repository. Instead you give the commands
git pull origin main to keep your local files up to date.
Then you can start the new contribution by following step 5-10 above.